Peer-Reviewed Publications

Peer-Reviewed Publications

Over the life of COUNTDOWN we have so far published over 40 peer-reviewed publications including many in high impact factor journals and we have several more in progress. External links to all of these publications can be found below.




Egid, B.R., Roura,M., Aktar, B., et al. 'You want to deal with power while riding on power': global perspectives on power in participatory health research and co-production approaches. BMJ Global Health, 2021;6:e006978. 

Baker, M.C., Bardosh, K., Fitch, E., Mbabazi, P.S., Mwingira,U., Direny, A., Dean, L., Sutherland, E.G., Krentel, A. Incorporating qualitative research methods into the monitoring and evaluation of neglected tropical disease programmes: a scoping literature reviewInternational Health, 2021;, ihab059,

Agboraw, E., Sosu, F., Dean, L. et al. Factors influencing mass drug administration adherence and community drug distributor opportunity costs in Liberia: a mixed-methods approachParasites Vectors 14, 557 (2021).

Masong MC, Wepnje GB, Marlene NT, Gamba V, Mengue M-T, Kouokam E, et al. (2021) Female Genital Schistosomiasis (FGS) in Cameroon: A formative epidemiological and socioeconomic investigation in eleven rural fishing communities. PLOS Glob Public Health 1(10): e0000007.

Egid, B., Ozano, K.,Hegel, G., Zimmerman, E., López, Y. et al. (2021) Can everyone hear me? Reflections on the use of global online workshops for promoting inclusive knowledge generation. Qualitative Research. June 2021. doi:10.1177/14687941211019585  

Nji, T.M., Piotrowski, H., Dum-Buo, N., Fung, E.G., Dean, L. et al. (2021) Eliminating onchocerciasis within the Meme River Basin of Cameroon: A social-ecological approach to understanding everyday realities and health systems. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 15(6)

Masong, M.C., Ozano, K., Tagne M.S., Tchoffo, M.N., Ngang, S. et al. (2021) Achieving equity in UHC interventions: who is left behind by neglected tropical disease programmes in Cameroon? Global Health Action, 14:1. DOI:

Forrer, A., Wanji, S., Obie, E.D., Nhi, T.M., Hamill, L. et al. (2021) Why onchocerciasis transmission persists after 15 ivermectin mass drug administrations in South-West Cameroon. BMJ Global Health, 

Dixon, R., Lar, L. and Dean, L. (2021) Neglect in the numbers: leaving no voice behind in disease elimination The Lancet Global Health, 9:1. DOI:


Eyre, M.T., Stanton, M.C., Macklin, G., Bartonicek, Z., O'Halloran,L., et al. Piloting an integrated approach for elimination of environmental risk of schistosoma haematobium infections in pre-school-aged children and their mothers at Barombi Kotto, Cameroon. Acta Tropica, 212:105646.

Adekeye O, Ozano K, Dixon R, Elhassan EO, Lar L, Schmidt E, et al. (2020) Mass administration of medicines in changing contexts: Acceptability, adaptability and community directed approaches in Kaduna and Ogun States, Nigeria. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 14(11): e0008857.

Kollie, K., Siakeh, A., Zawolo, G. et al. (2020) Donor reliance and the impact on neglected tropical disease programme delivery: reflections and solutions for change from programme management perspectives International Health, ihaa090,

Ozano, K., Dean, L., Adekeye, T. et al. (2020) Guiding principles for quality, ethical standards and ongoing learning in implementation research: Multi country learnings from participatory action research to strengthen health systems Health Policy and Planning, 35(2)

Engels, D., Hotez, P.J., Ducker, C. et al. (2020) Integration of prevention and control measures for female genital schistosomiasis, HIV and cervical cancer Bulletin of the World Health Organisation 98(9)

Cunningham, L.J., Campbell, S.J., Armoo, S., Koukounari, A., Watson, V., Selormey, P., Stothard, J.R., Idun, B., Asiedu, M., Ashong, Y., Adams, E.R., osei-Atweneneboana, M.Y. (2020) Assessing expanded community wide treatment for schistosomiasis: Baseline infection status and self-reported risk factors in three communities from the Greater Accra region, Ghana. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases 14(4)

Armoo, S., Cunningham, L.J., Campbell, S.J., Aboagye, F.T., Boampong, F.K., Hamidu, B.A.m Osei-Atweneboana, M.Y., Stothard, J.R. and Adams, E.R. (2020) Detecting Schistosoma mansoni infections among pre-school-aged children in southern Ghana: a diagnostic comparison of urine-CCA, real-time PCR and Kato-Katz assays. BMC Infectious Diseases 20:301

Ozano, K., Dean, L., Yoshimura, M., MacPherson, E., Linou, N., Otmani del Barrio, M., Halleu, C.M., Ogundahunsi, O., Theobald, S. (2020) A call to action of universal health coverage: Why we need to address gender inequities in the neglected tropical diseases community PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases 14(3): e0007786.


Wanji, S., Nji, T.M., Hamill, L. et al (2019) Implementation of test-and-treat with doxycycline and temephos ground larviciding as alternative strategies for accelerating onchocerciasis elimination in an area of loiasis co-endemicity: the COUNTDOWN consortium multi-disciplinary study protocolParasites Vectors 12, 574 (2019).

Dean L, Ozano K, Adekeye O, Dixon R, Fung EG, Gyapong M, et al. (2019) Neglected Tropical Diseases as a ‘litmus test’ for Universal Health Coverage? Understanding who is left behind and why in Mass Drug Administration: Lessons from four country contexts. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 13(11): e0007847.

Oluwole A, Dean L, Lar L, Salami K, Okoko O, Isiyaku S, Dixon R, Elhassan E, Schmidt E, Thomson R, Theobald K and Ozano, K (2019) Optimising the performance of frontline implementers engaged in the NTD programme in Nigeria: lessons for strengthening community health systems for universal health coverage. Hum Resour Health 17, 79 (2019) doi:10.1186/s12960-019-0419-8

Dean L, Tolhurst R, Nallo G, Kollie K, Bettee A, Theobald S (2019) Neglected tropical disease as a ‘biographical disruption’: Listening to the narratives of affected persons to develop integrated people centred care in Liberia. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 13(9): e0007710. 10.1371/journal.pntd.0007710

Louis Wilhelmus Niessen, Mark Taylor (2019) Eliminating Lymphatic Filariasis: Is it worth it? Clinical Infectious Diseases, ciz674,

Vida Ami Kukula, Eleanor E Macpherson, Irene Honam Tsey, J Russell Stothard, Sally Theobald, Margaret Gyapong (2019) A Major hurdle in the elimination of urogenital schistosomiasis revealed: Identifying key gaps in knowledge and understanding of female genital schistosomiasis within communities and local health workers  PLoS Negl Trop Dis 13(3): e0007207.

Minetti C, Tettevi EJ, Mechan F, Prada JM, Idun B, Biritwum N-K, Osei-Atweneboana MY, Reimer LJ (2019) Elimination within reach: A cross-sectional study highlighting the factors that contribute to persistent lymphatic filariasis in eight communities in rural Ghana. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 13(1): e0006994.

Macfarlane  CL, Budhathoki  SS, Johnson  S, Richardson  M, Garner  P. (2019) Albendazole alone or in combination with microfilaricidal drugs for lymphatic filariasis. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews Issue 1. Art. No.: CD003753. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003753.pub4.

Macfarlane CL, Dean L, Thomson R, Garner P. Community drug distributors for mass drug administration in neglected tropical disease programmes: systematic review and analysis of policy documentsJ Glob Health. 2019;9(2):020414. doi:10.7189/jogh.09.020414 


Stothard, J., Littlewood, D., Gasser, R., & Webster, B. (2018). Advancing the multi-disciplinarity of parasitology within the British Society for Parasitology: Studies of host–parasite evolution in an ever-changing worldParasitology, 145(13), 1641-1646. doi:10.1017/S0031182018001476

Tchuem Tchuenté L A, Eloundou Ombede D R, Dongmo Noumedem C, Djomkam Chuinteu G N, Fesuh Nono B, Nguepkap Lemegne A C, Femoe Membe U, Feussom Gipwe N, Kenfack C M, Ngang S k, Ndonou Tchoumdop M E, Cunningham L J & Stothard J R  (2018). Prospects for the elimination of schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis: exploring disease trends through time at the Barombi crater lakes, South-West Cameroon. Parasitology 1–15.

Stothard JR, Littlewood DTJ, Gasser RB, Webster BL (2018). Advancing the multi-disciplinarity of parasitology within the British Society for Parasitology: studies of host–parasite evolution in an ever-changing world. Parasitology 1–6. 10.1017/S0031182018001476

Cunningham, L., Stothard, J., Osei-Atweneboana, M., Armoo, S., Verweij, J., & Adams, E. (n.d.). Developing a real-time PCR assay based on multiplex high-resolution melt-curve analysis: A pilot study in detection and discrimination of soil-transmitted helminth and schistosome species. Parasitology, 1-6. doi:10.1017/S0031182018001361

Tchuem Tchuenté L-A, Stothard JR, Rollinson D, Reinhard-Rupp J (2018) Precision mapping: An innovative tool and way forward to shrink the map, better target interventions, and accelerate toward the elimination of schistosomiasis. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 12(8): e0006563. 

Grace Macklin, G., Stanton, M.C., Tchuem-Tchuenté, L.A. and Stothard, J. R. (2018) A pilot study using wearable global positioning system data loggers to compare water contact levels: Schistosoma haematobium infection in pre-school-age children (PSAC) and their mothers at Barombi Kotto, Cameroon Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 00:1–5

Woode, M. E., Khan, J.A.M., Thomson, R., Niessen. L.W., COUNTDOWN Consortium (2018) Equity and efficiency in the scaled-up implementation of integrated neglected tropical disease control: the health economics protocol of the COUNTDOWN multicountry observational study in Ghana, Cameroon and Liberia British Medical Journal Open 8 (6).

Molyneux, D., Dean, L., Adekeye, O., Stothard, J. and Theobald, S. (2018). The changing global landscape of health and disease: addressing challenges and opportunities for sustaining progress towards control and elimination of neglected tropical diseases (NTDs). Parasitology, pp.1-8.

Koudou, B., de Souza, D., Biritwum, N., Bougma, R., Aboulaye, M., Elhassan, E., Bush, S. and Molyneux, D. (2018). Elimination of lymphatic filariasis in West African urban areas: Is implementation of mass drug administration necessary?The Lancet Infectious Diseases, 18(6), pp.e214-e220.

Cunningham, L., Odoom, J., Pratt, D., Boatemaa, L., Asante-Ntim, N., Attiku, K., Banahene, B., Osei-Atweneboana, M., Verweij, J., Molyneux, D., Stothard, R. and Adams, E. (2018). Expanding molecular diagnostics of helminthiasis: Piloting use of the GPLN platform for surveillance of soil transmitted helminthiasis and schistosomiasis in Ghana. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 12(1), p.e0006129.

Campbell, S., Osei-Atweneboana, M., Stothard, R., Koukounari, A., Cunningham, L., Armoo, S., Biritwum, N., Gyapong, M., MacPherson, E., Theobald, S., Woode, M., Khan, J., Niessen, L. and Adams, E. (2018). The COUNTDOWN Study Protocol for Expansion of Mass Drug Administration Strategies against Schistosomiasis and Soil-Transmitted Helminthiasis in Ghana. Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease, 3(1), p.10.

Campbell, S., Biritwum, N., Woods, G., Velleman, Y., Fleming, F. and Stothard, J. (2018). Tailoring Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) Targets for Soil-Transmitted Helminthiasis and Schistosomiasis Control. Trends in Parasitology, 34(1), pp.53-63. 

Savioli L, Albonico M, Daumerie D, Lo NC, Stothard JR, Asaolu S, Tchuem Tchuente, L A and Anderson, R. (2018) Review of the 2017 WHO Guideline: Preventive chemotherapy to control soil-transmitted helminth infections in at-risk population groups. An opportunity lost in translation. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 12(4): e0006296. 


Campbell, S., Stothard, J., O’Halloran, F., Sankey, D., Durant, T., Ombede, D., Chuinteu, G., Webster, B., Cunningham, L., LaCourse, E. and Tchuem-Tchuenté, L. (2017). Urogenital schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis (STH) in Cameroon: An epidemiological update at Barombi Mbo and Barombi Kotto crater lakes assessing prospects for intensified control interventions. Infectious Diseases of Poverty, 6(1).

Stothard, J., Campbell, S., Osei-Atweneboana, M., Durant, T., Stanton, M., Biritwum, N., Rollinson, D., Ombede, D. and Tchuem-Tchuenté, L. (2017). Towards interruption of schistosomiasis transmission in sub-Saharan Africa: developing an appropriate environmental surveillance framework to guide and to support ‘end game’ interventions. Infectious Diseases of Poverty, 6(1).

Tchuem Tchuenté, L., Rollinson, D., Stothard, J. and Molyneux, D. (2017). Moving from control to elimination of schistosomiasis in sub-Saharan Africa: time to change and adapt strategies. Infectious Diseases of Poverty, 6(1). 

Theobald, S., MacPherson, E., Dean, L., Jacobson, J., Ducker, C., Gyapong, M., Hawkins, K., Elphick-Pooley, T., Mackenzie, C., Kelly-Hope, L., Fleming, F. and Mbabazi, P. (2017). 20 years of gender mainstreaming in health: lessons and reflections for the neglected tropical diseases community. BMJ Global Health, 2(4), p.e000512.

Bangert, M., Molyneux, D.H., Lindsay, S.W.. Fitzpatrick, C. and Engels, D. (2017) The cross-cutting contribution of the end of neglected tropical diseases to the sustainable development goals. Infect Dis Poverty 6, 73 .


Christinet, V., Lazdins-Helds, J., Stothard, J. and Reinhard-Rupp, J. (2016). Female genital schistosomiasis (FGS): from case reports to a call for concerted action against this neglected gynaecological disease. International Journal for Parasitology, 46(7), pp.395-404.

Dean, L., Page, S., Hawkins, K., Stothard, R., Thomson, R., Wanji, S., Gyapong, M., Anagbogu, I., Molyneux, D. and Theobald, S. (2016). Tailoring mass drug administration to context: implementation research is critical in achieving equitable progress in the control and elimination of helminth neglected tropical diseases in sub-Saharan Africa. International Health, 8(4), pp.233-234.

Lo, N., Addiss, D., Hotez, P., King, C., Stothard, J., Evans, D., Colley, D., Lin, W., Coulibaly, J., Bustinduy, A., Raso, G., Bendavid, E., Bogoch, I., Fenwick, A., Savioli, L., Molyneux, D., Utzinger, J. and Andrews, J. (2017). A call to strengthen the global strategy against schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis: the time is now. The Lancet Infectious Diseases, 17(2), pp.e64-e69.

Minetti, C., LaCourse, E., Reimer L. and Stothard, J. (2016). Focusing nucleic acid-based molecular diagnostics and xenomonitoring approaches for human helminthiases amenable to preventive chemotherapy. Parasitology Open, 2.

Niessen, L. and Stothard, R. (2016). Equitable control of schistosomiasis and helminthiasis. The Lancet Infectious Diseases, 16(9), pp.990-992.

Stothard, J., Kabatereine, N., Archer, J., Al-Shehri, H., Tchuem-Tchuenté, L., Gyapong, M. and Bustinduy, A. (2016). A centenary of Robert T. Leiper's lasting legacy on schistosomiasis and a COUNTDOWN on control of neglected tropical diseases. Parasitology, 144(12), pp.1602-1612.

Molyneux, D., Savioli, L. and Engels, D. (2016) Neglected tropical diseases: progress towards addressing the chronic pandemic The Lancet 389, doi: S0140-6736(16)30171-4 


Gyapong, M. and Theobald, S. (2015). The sexual and reproductive health issue you’ve probably never heard of….. [online] openDemocracy.